The types of a political economy include socialism , capitalism (where private owners control a nation’s industry and trade for profit), and communism (the theory where all property is publicly-owned and everyone works based on their own needs and strengths). Political economy is a branch of social science that studies the relationship that forms between a nation’s population and its government when public policy is enacted. It is, therefore, the result of the interaction between politics and the economy and is the basis of the social science discipline.
“neoliberalism,” which became the cornerstone of economic policy in the United States under President Ronald Reagan (1981–89) and in the United Kingdom under Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (1979–90). Led by the American economist Milton Friedman and other proponents of monetarism , neoliberals and others argued that the state should once again limit its role in the economy by selling off national industries … Read More