Socialism, Definition, Background, and Characteristics
Socialism developed in the era of the industrial revolution. Famous socialist figures include Karl Marx, Thomas More, and Simonde de Sismondi. The following is the definition of socialism and development in Indonesia.
Definition of Socialism
According to the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), socialism is an understanding or teaching of the state and the economy, which seeks to make property, industry, and companies the property of the state.
The word social means society. While social means togetherness and mutual cooperation. Socialism is a social view of life that wants to control production centers and share production products equally.
Socialism developed in the era of the industrial revolution. The emergence of communism initially was a protest movement, because the economic capitalist system took away the right to freedom. Communism arises because of differences in the class of capital owners who live in luxury. Meanwhile, laborers earn low wages and high poverty rates.
The Characteristics of a Socialist State in Education Books
Citizenship, the following are the characteristics of a country that adheres to the notion of socialism:
- Putting the power and interests of the state first.
- The interests of the state are more important than the interests of the citizens.
- The interests and freedoms of citizens are defeated by the interests of the state.
- Religious life is separated from the state so that citizens are free to have religion, do not vary, and are free from anti-religious propaganda.
Socialism in Indonesia
Socialism in Indonesia was first introduced in 1914. At that time, the Dutch East Indies Social Democratic Union organization felt nervous when dealing with the socio-political conditions in the Dutch East Indies. The socialist figure at that time was Hendricus Josephus Franciscus Marie Sneevliet, who worked in the Surabaya newspaper section in 1913. Then the idea of socialism developed in Indonesia. Communism affects economic development in Indonesia. Mohammad Hatta referred to western socialism as a source of democratic thought when Indonesia became independent. The notion of communism based on democracy in Indonesia respects and recognizes human equality. People easily accept the teachings of communism in Indonesia because they want freedom and togetherness without class differences.