Republican political leaders strongly criticized Justice Chase, and he was eventually impeached (though not convicted) in 1804, after the Republicans received control of the government. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison secretly drafted the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions to counter a perceived threat to individual liberties from the Alien and Sedition Acts. Jefferson and Madison have been significantly concerned with costs of sedition brought against Republican critics of the federal government. These resolutions asserted the rights of states to gauge the constitutionality of federal legal guidelines. Virginia Congressman John Dawson (1762–1814) declared the Alien and Sedition Act an open violation of the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson advocated a slender development of the Constitution that may have prohibited a national financial institution. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton supported the financial institution with a broad interpretation of the Constitutions implied powers underneath the general welfare clause. … Read More