The Difference Between An Illegal And A Controlled Substance


Pretrial convention A assembly of the decide and lawyers to plan the trial, to discuss which matters must be presented to the jury, to review proposed proof and witnesses, and to set a trial schedule. Typically, the choose and the parties additionally discuss the possibility of settlement of the case. Petty offense A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or much less in prison. Petition preparer A enterprise not authorized to follow legislation that prepares bankruptcy petitions. Petition The document that initiates the filing of a chapter proceeding, setting forth primary info regarding the debtor, together with name, address, chapter underneath which the case is filed, and estimated quantity of assets and liabilities.

The Bankruptcy Code accommodates certain provisions designed to scale back the time a small enterprise debtor is in bankruptcy. Sentence The punishment ordered by a courtroom for a defendant convicted of a criminal offense. Sanction A penalty or different type of enforcement used to bring about compliance with the regulation or with guidelines and regulations.

Party in curiosity A get together who has standing to be heard by the court in a matter to be decided in the chapter case. The debtor, U.S. trustee or chapter administrator, case trustee, and collectors are parties in curiosity for most issues. Parole Commission – after the inmate has completed a part of his or her sentence in a federal prison. When the parolee is launched to the group, he or she is positioned underneath the supervision of a U.S. probation officer.

Probation officer duties include conducting presentence investigations, making ready presentence reviews on convicted defendants, and supervising launched defendants. Pro per A slang expression typically used to refer to a professional se litigant.

Reverse The act of a court setting apart the choice of a lower courtroom. A reversal is usually accompanied by a remand to the lower court docket for additional proceedings. Record A written account of the proceedings in a case, together with all pleadings, evidence, and exhibits submitted in the course of the case. Property of the estate All legal or equitable pursuits of the debtor in property as of the graduation of the case. Probation officer Officers of the probation workplace of a courtroom.

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  • Supreme Court of India (SC), whereas deciding Ayodhya case of Ram Janmabhoomi, decided in 2010 that the deity Rama in the specific temple was a “legal entity” entitled to be represented by own lawyer appointed by the trustees appearing on behalf of the deity.
  • In courtroom cases regarding non secular entities, the deity (deity or god is a supernatural being thought of divine or sacred) can also be a “legal person” who can engage in legal instances via “trustees” or “managing board in control of the temple”.

Peremptory challenge A district court might grant all sides in a civil or legal trial the best to exclude a sure number of potential jurors without cause or giving a reason. Per curiam Latin, that means “for the courtroom.” In appellate courts, typically refers to an unsigned opinion.

Common causes embrace allegations that the debt to be discharged was incurred by false pretenses or that debt arose because of the debtor’s fraud while appearing as a fiduciary. Nondischargeable debt A debt that cannot be eradicated in bankruptcy.

Sms Terms

In appellate instances, a group of judges (often three) assigned to determine the case; 2. In the jury selection course of, the group of potential jurors; three. The record of attorneys who are both out there and certified to serve as courtroom-appointed counsel for criminal defendants who cannot afford their very own counsel. Objection to dischargeability A trustee’s or creditor’s objection to the debtor being released from private legal responsibility for certain dischargeable money owed.

Criminal Law And Procedure

Some money owed, corresponding to money owed for money or property obtained by false pretenses and money owed for fraud or defalcation while performing in a fiduciary capability may be declared nondischargeable provided that a creditor well timed information and prevails in a nondischargeability action. Motion in Limine A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the opposite aspect from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on issues said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the decide can forestall the jury from being unduly influenced.