Types of Lawsuits in Civil Procedure Law

Types of Lawsuits in Civil Procedure Law

Types of Lawsuits in Civil Procedure Law

In general, the public is quite familiar with the types of lawsuits in the form of voluntary (application), contentiosa (dispute lawsuit), and class action (group lawsuit). However, in reality, there are 5 types of lawsuits in Indonesian civil procedural law.

Along with the development and complexity of legal cases, as a result several types of lawsuits are divided again. Currently, there are 2 additional types of lawsuits, namely legal standing and citizen law suits.

Types of Lawsuits in the Law

This discussion will review 5 types of lawsuits in civil procedural law in Indonesia. Check out the following explanation so that you don’t misdetermine the types of legal cases.

Voluntary Lawsuit

The first type of claim is voluntary or in other words, a petition. Uniquely, this voluntary lawsuit only consists of 1 party, namely the plaintiff or the litigant applicant.

So there is no defendant, so the problem proposed is more of a one-sided interest. The application for submission is a case without disputes from other parties or opponents, so that this application is purely one party.

Later, the case court will issue a decision regarding what the applicant has requested. Therefore, can grant or not the decision.

Examples of cases in this case are requests to change identity, land rights, religious court cases, marriage isbat, appointment of guardians, adoption of children, district court cases, and determination of incapable heirs.

Contentiosa Lawsuit

Where the court examines cases regarding disputes between the plaintiffs through lawsuits. Contentiosa lawsuits are further divided into 2 types. To know more about political law you can visit this site too folderaccess

First, the claim of lusan, only applies to plaintiffs who cannot read and write. So that he filed this lawsuit orally to the chairman of the District Court and had to file it himself by the plaintiff without any representation.

Class Action Lawsuit

Class action lawsuit, which is a lawsuit against a litigation group and one or more of its members sues or is sued as a group representative without having to be part of a group member.

Either of these types of lawsuits can use a method for individuals with similar claims to join together to file claims. The goal is to be more efficient.

To aim to make cases much more efficient, the function of a class action is to make the litigation process more economical. In addition, it also avoids repeated decisions to the risk of inconsistency decisions in the same case.

Lawsuit Standing

Fifth, there is a legal standing lawsuit, namely the right to sue to the court as a representative of the interests of certain community groups. So legal standing is the right for organizations or NGOs to file lawsuits because there are certain violations.

For example, in the form of consumer protection or the interest of preserving the environment. The purpose of these types of legal standing lawsuits is for the public interest, be it consumers or the environment.

Citizen Law Suit

Lastly, is the civil lawsuit. Individual citizens to their country on behalf of the legal interest who filed this lawsuit For example, suing the state for failing to fulfill the rights of its citizens.

The plaintiff also does not have to prove in real terms that he has suffered a loss. Although it has not actually regulated the type of citizen law lawsuit specifically in the Indonesian laws and regulations, it will continue to file this lawsuit.